Korea has a long military history. However most of the Korean martial arts are modern inventions. Mostly they are mixes with both Korean, Chinese and Japanese influences. This is not strange, considering that Korea is situated in between China and Japan and the Korean land has often been the place where battles between those two nations were fought.
Hapkido is a modern martial art as well. The techniques are build on the foundation laid down by Choi Yong-sul (1903-1986) who had studied Japanese martial arts. His students added more and more techniques to the foundation of Choi. This is why there is not just one single style of hapkido. Instead there are many different styles, all with their own emphasis.
In Hapkido a large variety of techniques are taught; kicks, strikes, falling, joint locks, throws, grappling and pressure points. This makes Hapkido a very well rounded martial arts that has something to offer to every one.
The principle behind the technique is to use the power of the opponent. In hapkido hard is not met with hard, but hard is met with soft circular techniques while soft parts are hit with hard parts of the body. This is how yin and yang work in hapkido techniques.
Hapkido is easy to learn by both young and old and is equally effective for both men and women.
The use of weapons is also part of hapkido. Traditional weapon techniques are taught but what is more important is that the student learns how to use everyday objects as a weapon.
Hapkido in our school is taught in eight different parts:.
- Danjeon hoheup (breathing)
- Nakbeop (falling)
- Balchagi (kicking)
- Gwonbeop (striking)
- Gyeokgidobeop (free fighting)
- Hosindobeop (self defence)
- Byeongsuldobeop (weapons)
- Gihapdobeop (ki development)